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实用法律英语中英对照版

发布时间:2011-09-19 11:13:59我要纠错【字体: 默认 】【打印【关闭】

  民事——civil

  民事——civil affairs;affairs relating to civil law

  民事上的占有——civil possesion

  民事上的没收——civil forfeiture

  民事上诉——civil appeal

  民事主体——civil subject

  民事法律关系——civil legal relationship

  民事活动——activity relating to civil law

  民事纠纷——civil dispute

  民事客体——civil object

  民事原告——civil plaintiff

  民事被告——civil defendant

  民事指控——civil charge

  民事案件——civil case

  民事过失——civil negligence

  民事责任事故——accident involving civil liability

  民事补偿——civil remedy

  民事诉讼——civil action

  民事损害——civil injury

  民事债务——civil debt

  民事管——civil jurisdiction

  民事制裁——civil sanction

  民事审判——civil trial

  民事调解——civil mediation

  民事罚款——civil penalty

  民事权利争议——dispute concerning private rights

  民事权利剥夺——deprived of private rights

  民事权利请求——civil claim

  民事权利变更——alternation of private right

  民政——civil administraion

  民事权利与责任——civil right and liability

  民事权利——civil right

  人身权利——jura personarum; rights of the person

  人格权——right of personality

  上诉权——right of appeal

  不受时效限制权——imprescriptible right

  立遗嘱权——right to make a will

  合法权利——legal right

  共有权——communal tenure

  求偿权——recoupment; recourse

  居住权——right of habitation

  使用权——right of use

  委任权——power of pocuration

  财产权——proprietatis; property right

  财产让与权——benefit of cession

  起诉权——right of action

  采光权——right of ancient lights

  专用权——sole right of use

  专有权——exclusive power

  专利申请权——clailm of patent application

  控告权——right of complaint

  答辩权——right of reply

  解释权——right to interpret

  经济权利——economic right

  债的请求权——debt claim

  监护权——guardianship

  选择权——right of choice

  转卖权——right of resale

  (当事方为进行仲裁或接受国际法院的管辖权而签订的)协定——compromis: a special agreement between States to submit a particular issue either to an arbitral tribunal or to the International Court of Justice

  事实上——de facto: existing as a matter of fact rather than of right

  法律上——de jure: as a matter of legal right

  根据公允及善意的原则——ex aeque et bono: as a result of fair dealing and good conscience

  出于善意的——ex gratia: done as a matter of favour (An ex gratia payment is one not required to be made by a legal duty.)

  依职权而自然获得——ex officio: by virtue of holding an office

  事后的;溯及既往的——ex post facto: by a subsequent act (describing any legal act, such as a statute, which has retrospective effect)

  主动的,自愿的——ex proprio motu(ex mero motu): of his own motion

  不可抗力——force majueure(法语): irresistible compulsion or coercion

  强制法——jus cogens(ius congens): coercive law; a rule or principle in international lawthat is so fundamental that it bins all states and does not allo——any exceptions

  万民法,万国法,国际法——jus gentium: the lawof people; international law

  法无明文不处罚——nulla poena sine lege: no penalty(punishment) without a law

  法无明文不为罪——nullum crimen sine lege: no crime without a law

  条约必须遵守原则——pact sunt servand: a pact is not to be surrendered (agreements are to be kept)

  自身,本身;本质上——per se

  不受欢迎的人——(personna grata 受欢迎的人) personna non-grata

  初步的,表面上的——prima facie: at first appearance; on the face of things

  情势变迁原则——rebus sic standibus: change of circumstances

  无主物——res nullius: an asset susceptible of acquisition but presently under the ownership or sovereignty of no legal person

  未确定时日的——sine die: without a date

  越权行为——(与intra vires相对) ultra vires(act)

  占领地保有原则——uti possidetis v Lesson Six

  民事责任——civil liability

  不履行法律责任——omission

  共同连带责任——joint and separate responsibility

  完全责任——full liability

  侵权责任——liability for tort

  连带责任——joint liability

  财产责任——property liability

  过失责任——fault liability

  替代责任——vicarious liability

  无限责任——unlimited liability

  单独责任——solitary liability

  道德责任——moral obligation

  监护责任——liability of guardian

  严格责任赔偿——strict liability

  债转股——debt-to-equity swap

  港元的联系汇率制——the linkage system between the US dollar and the HK dollar

  坏帐、呆帐、死帐——bad account/ dead account/ uncollectible account/bad debt/ bad loan

  反倾销措施——anti-dumping measures against...

  通货紧缩——deflation

  通货膨胀——inflation

  非配额产品——quota-free products

  非生产性投资——investment in non-productive projects

  风险管理/评估——risk management/ assessment

  风险基金——venture capital

  风险准备金——loan loss provision/ provisions of risk

  搞活国有大中型企业——revitalize large and medium-sized state owned enterprises

  规模经济——scale economy/ economies of scale

  国合企业(即国有合作社)——state-owned cooperatives

  国际收支——balance of international payments/ balance of payment

  国际收支不平衡——disequilibrium of balance of payment

  国家补贴——public subsidies

  国家现汇结存——state foreign exchange reserves

  合理引导消费——guide rational consumption

  季节性调价——seasonal price adjustments

  既成事实——established/accomplished facts

  技工贸结合的科技型企业——scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development

  劳动密集性企业——labor-intensive enterprises

  乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费——unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises/ unauthorized pooling of funds, compulsory donations and random levies on enterprises

  千年问题、千年虫——millennium bug

  企业技术改造——technological updating of enterprises

  企业亏损补贴——subsidies to cover enterprise losses

  实行国民待遇——grant the national treatment to

  平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针——pursuing practical results, adopting various ways and seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity and mutual development ?

  瓶颈制约——“bottleneck” restrictions

  市场准人的行政管理措施——AAMA: Administrative Aspects of Market Access

  亚太工商咨询理事会——ABAC: APEC Business Advisory Council

  亚太商业论坛——ABF: APEC Business Forum

  亚太通讯与数据系统——ACDS: APEC Communications and Database System

  亚太中小企业技术交流与培训中心——ACTETSME: APEC Center for Technology Exchange and Training for Small and Medium Enterprises

  亚洲开发银行——ADB: Asian Development Bank

  亚太经合组织经济领导人会议——AELM: APEC Economic Leaders Meeting

  东盟自由贸易区——AFTA: ASEAN Free Trade Area

  亚太经合组织部长级会议——AMM: APEC MinisteriaI Meeting

  澳新紧密经济关系协定——ANZCERTA: Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement

  亚太商业网络——APB-Net: Asia-Pacific Business Network

  亚太经济合作组织——APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

  亚太能源研究中心——APERC: Asia Pacific Energy Research Center

  亚太信息基础设施——APII: Asia-Pacific Information Infrastructure

  亚太实验室认可合作——APLAC: Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

  亚太法定计量论坛——APLMF: Asia Pacific Legal Metrology Forum

  亚太计量程序——APMP: Asia Pacific Metrology Program

  东南亚国家联盟——ASEAN: Association of South-East Asian Nations

  亚欧会议——ASEM: Asia-Europe Meeting

  农业技术合作——ATC: Agricultural Technical Cooperation

来源: 信托法律网(责任编辑:李倩倩)
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